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Research Session [clear filter]
Thursday, June 1

10:45am PDT

City to City: How the Arts Transform and Connect Communities
Just Planning: The Marriage of Culture and City Planning
Tom Borrup, Ph. D.
This paper argues that an appreciation of culture in the anthropological sense in both cultural and urban planning practices can bring about a hybrid of Just Planning – a culturally informed approach to urban planning that promises greater civic engagement and move towards cultural, social, and economic equity. The emergence and evolution of cultural planning over the past four decades in many parts of the world has been steady but neither ascendant nor as widely impactful as scholars such as Bianchini (1999), Mercer (2006), Mills (2003), and Stevenson (2005) anticipated. Meanwhile, urban planning as practiced by towns and cities of all sizes fails to acknowledge dimensions of human culture that impact patterns of behavior, livelihood, settlement, social practice, recreation, and other activities resulting in policy choices and physical development patterns that privilege some while denying others equitable access to resources and to conduct ways of life that respect and accommodate their cultures. Two research studies, one in 1993 by Bernie Jones, another in 1994 by Craig Dreeszen, represent the only primary research on the explicit practice of cultural planning in the U.S. This paper sets the stage for new research underway with Americans for the Arts to assess the trajectory of cultural planning in the U.S. over the past 25 years. While interest among municipalities in cultural planning has not declined, scholarly research has been eclipsed by topics such as creative cities, creative economy, cultural districts, and creative placemaking, what Jamie Peck (2005) calls “urban fragments.”

Festivals Crossing Borders: Influence of the Edinburgh Fringe on North American Fringe Festivals
Xela Batchelder, Ph. D.

On this 70th anniversary of the Edinburgh Festival Fringe, I want to ask how the Edinburgh Fringe has, and has not, influenced North American fringe festival organizational and management models. The past year, 2016, also marked the 25th anniversary year of the Orlando Fringe, the longest running Fringe festival in the US, the 20th anniversary of the New York Fringe, and the 35th anniversary of the Edmonton Fringe Festival in Canada. From a management perspective, Fringe Festivals in the United States in particular exhibit a remarkable diversity in their underlying organizational structures. In my paper, I will explore this remarkable diversity and trace the influence of older, influential fringe festivals on the structures of current North American fringe festivals. This paper will concentrate in particular on the influence of the Edinburgh Fringe. My research draws on 20 years of field work in Edinburgh, including interviews and archival recordings of Edinburgh Fringe venue managers and directors, and attendance at Edinburgh Fringe Society board meetings. It also includes my own archival interviews of festival directors and managers from around the world, as well as attendance and archival notes and recordings at the first three international fringe management conferences. My research, which is particularly directed at understanding US Fringe Festivals, also draws from archival notes and recordings made at annual US Association of Fringe Festivals conferences, as well as interviews and consulting sessions with multiple US fringe festivals and Canadian fringe festivals.  My conclusion is that the structures of the original Edinburgh Festival Fringe no longer define what fringe festivals are in North America. Instead, fringe festivals in North America, and particularly in the United States, organize themselves in diverse ways while defining themselves according to remarkably elastic criterion.

Arts in Small Communities: Festivals in Provincetown, Massachusetts & Stornoway, Scotland
James C. Marchant, J.D. Ph. D.

My research focuses on how art is used to develop, strengthen and revitalize small communities that have been impacted by a decrease in industry in various forms. I am currently researching artists, the arts and arts organizations in Provincetown, Massachusetts in the United States and in the Outer Hebrides of Scotland. The arts play an important role in both areas and have done so formally in Provincetown since the early part of the 20th century and formally in the Outer Hebrides since the 1980’s (outside of the production of Harris Tweed). This paper is a part of that continuing, larger research project.
In this paper, I investigate, examine, analyze, and compare how the Provincetown International Film Festival and the Hebridean Celtic Festival affect the small communities of Provincetown, Massachusetts, United States and Stornoway, Scotland. My methodology is a multiple case study with auto-ethnographic aspects as I volunteered extensively with both organizations as a part of my research. I also relied heavily on formal and informal qualitative interviews with paid staff, paid contractors, board members, volunteers, artists and audience members as well as reviews of financial documentation and public materials used in managing, funding, marketing and operating each festival.
Although the arts have held a role in both communities for a longer period of time, the Provincetown International Film Festival and the Hebridean Celtic Festival were both founded in the late 1990’s and have each grown significantly since then in terms of budget, production value and audience size. Both organizations rely heavily on volunteers and bring in large numbers of tourists to the areas. Each festival engages the local communities to a significant degree, but they also bring in significant numbers of tourists and artists from around the world. Although both organizations also have significant differences, both organizations have positively affected their communities.

Chair: Dr. Anthony Schrag

avatar for Tom Borrup, University of Minnesota, Director of Graduate Studies, Arts and Cultural Leadership

Tom Borrup, University of Minnesota, Director of Graduate Studies, Arts and Cultural Leadership

Tom serves as Director of Graduate Studies for the University of Minnesota’s Arts and Cultural Leadership and teaches Cultural Planning for Drexel University. Through Creative Community Builders he consults with cities, foundations, and nonprofits integrating arts and culture with... Read More →
avatar for James Marchant

James Marchant

Director of Arts Administration, University of New Orleans
Over the summer, I am moving from Elon University to the University of New Orleans. Talk to me about anything, but I am interested in the arts in small communities, social justice and the arts, as well as censorship in the arts.

Thursday June 1, 2017 10:45am - 12:15pm PDT
QMU Buchanan Room Queen Margaret Dr, Musselburgh EH21 6UU, UK

1:15pm PDT

Who Supports the Arts -- and How? A Multi-Angle Exploration
Federal Arts Policy 1957 – 2014. The Rhetoric & The Reality
Duncan Low

This dissertation is concerned with the question: what evidence exists to support the claim that 21st century Canadian arts policy is delivering the support necessary to maintain and build avigorous and sustainable professional arts sector?

“Sticking a name on something”: Resolving the Conceptual Ambiguity of Audience Development
Steven Hadley

Audience Development embodies the aspiration of cultural policy to deliver a different material reality in the consumption of the publicly funded arts. Such a moral imperative is implicit in any system of public cultural subsidy operating in a modern liberal democracy. This paper provides an understanding of how the conceptually ambiguous term of Audience Development became a normative practice in the cultural sector.

Towards constructing Asian model of arts support –– Comparative study of arts support system with a focus on non-institutional actors
Mio Yachita

When a country tries to form a new cultural policy, or to construct a system to support arts, we often compare the strategies of other countries. When the arts management was first introduced to higher education in Japan in the 1990s, numbers of comparative studies has been made with western countries such as the United Sates, Europe and Australia. Almost three decades later, arts managers in Japan are now looking towards Asia. Dynamic and rapid growth of China and South Korea goes without saying: years of exchange contributed not only to the academic studies, but to the creation itself while building networks of experts.

Session Chair: Brann Wry 

avatar for Dr Steven Hadley

Dr Steven Hadley

Lecturer, Speaker and Consultant, Queen's University Belfast
Dr Steven Hadley (MA, MBA, FCMI) is a leading international authority on Audience Development with over 20 years senior management experience. He teaches on the MA in Arts Management and Cultural Policy at Queen's University Belfast and sat on the Department of Culture, Arts and Leisure’s... Read More →
avatar for Dr Duncan Low

Dr Duncan Low

Duncan worked for many years in the professional arts sector in the UK and Canada. In 2008 he entered SFU’s Urban Studies program where he examined Vancouver’s 2010 Cultural Olympiad. He has authored several articles on the impact of the 2010 Olympics on the arts community; he... Read More →
avatar for Dr. Brann Wry

Dr. Brann Wry

Founding Director, New York University
Co-Founder AAAE, 1976. Founding Director of NYU Steinhardt's Arts Administration Programs. Inter alia: Director NJ State Council on the Arts, Co-Founder NJ Alliance for Arts Education, Member Governor's Commission on Arts Literacy, Panelist, National Endowment for the Arts and NY... Read More →
avatar for Mio Yachita

Mio Yachita

Research Associate, Tokyo University of the Arts
Mio resumed her position as Research Associate, Graduate School of Global Arts, Tokyo University of the Arts in October 2016. She has previously served at the Japan Foundation since 2009 and later appointed to Malaysia from 2012 to 2016 as a deputy manager in charge of the arts. Her... Read More →

Thursday June 1, 2017 1:15pm - 2:45pm PDT
QMU Buchanan Room Queen Margaret Dr, Musselburgh EH21 6UU, UK

3:15pm PDT

Scholarship Through Lenses: Gender, Eurocentrism, and Social Justice in Arts Administration
Gender Gap in Citations: Unconscious Gender Bias in Arts Administration Scholarship
Yuha Jung, Jill Schinberg

Gender inequity is still a major issue in the United States and other parts of the world, and academia is no exception. Academic environments tend to be more favorable toward male scholars than female scholars and it is a more systemic than sporadic issue. The American Association of University Professors cites unique challenges that women academics face, such as inequities in salary and promotion rates, sexual
harassment, and discriminatory treatment. Often unfair policies and challenges are rather invisible and unconscious.

The Dangerous Eurocentrism of European Arts Management
Prof. Dr. Raphaela Henze

The research to be presented seeks to develop greater understanding of the impacts of globalization, digitalization, and (im)migration on the work of arts managers and arts management researchers. Different from studies that focus specifically on those that work exclusively in international contexts this paper aims to present current research that is based on an empirical study of 352 arts managers in 45 countries around the world who do not necessarily cross borders for their work. Anyhow, they are in many and different ways affected by globalization.

Teaching Social Justice Through Service Learning in Arts Administration: Does it work?
Antonio C. Cuyler, Ph.D.

This study investigates the research question: Is service learning in Arts Management an effective approach to teach about social justice issues? I used Rice and Horn’s (2014) conceptual model to develop the methodology which includes surveying the 33 graduate students who have taken my Arts in Community Engagement course. The conclusions include an analysis of students’ demographics, as well as their assessment of if and how service learning improved their knowledge of social justice issues in the arts. This paper presentation fits well within three areas: Pedagogy Research Methods and Application, Diversity, Equity, and Social Justice in the Arts, and Reflective Practice because I use survey methodology to rigorously reflect on a practice I have used to promote innovative teaching & learning in Arts Management. This presentation also addresses the conference theme, New Places, Spaces, and Faces: Exploring Possibilities and Crossing Borders, because no known research in Arts Management has investigated the efficacy of using service learning to teach about social justice issues in the arts.

Session Chair: Susan Badger Booth

avatar for Susan Badger Booth

Susan Badger Booth

Program Director & Professor of Arts Management & Administration, Eastern Michigan University
avatar for Antonio C. Cuyler

Antonio C. Cuyler

Associate Professor of Arts Administration & Coordinator of the MA Program, Florida State University (FSU)
avatar for Raphela Henze

Raphela Henze

Professor of Arts Management, Heilbronn University
Raphaela Henze is professor of Arts Management at Heilbronn University and Co-Investigator of the international and interdisciplinary network “Brokering Intercultural Exchange” www.managingculture.net. Prior to joining Heilbronn University in 2010 Raphaela worked in several senior... Read More →
avatar for Yuha Jung, University of Kentucky, Associate Professor

Yuha Jung, University of Kentucky, Associate Professor

Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies of Arts Administration, University of Kentucky
Dr. Yuha Jung is an Associate Professor of Arts Administration at the University of Kentucky. Dr. Jung’s research interests center around cultural diversity, engaging diverse audiences, systems theory, organizational structure, fundraising, and qualitative research methodologies... Read More →
avatar for Jill Schinberg

Jill Schinberg

Assistant Professor, University of Kentucky
Jill Schinberg is an Assistant Professor of Arts Administration at the University of Kentucky. She started her professional career at Hancher Auditorium at the University of Iowa and has subsequently held positions with Bay Area music promoter Another Planet Entertainment, Festival... Read More →

Thursday June 1, 2017 3:15pm - 4:45pm PDT
QMU Buchanan Room Queen Margaret Dr, Musselburgh EH21 6UU, UK
Friday, June 2

1:15pm PDT

The Value of International Exchange: Governance, Engagement, and Programming Across Cultures
Cultural Governance and Global Contexts
Annick Schramme, Ian W. King

The current trend for revising the manner of financial support globally is placing increasing pressure and thereby scrutiny on the quality and effectiveness of strategic decision-making and management practices in the arts and cultural sector.
The pressure to maximise the quality of practice in this sector is increasing and therefore develop optimal practice is a global priority. So, in these circumstances, we want to maximise our understandings of cultural governance worldwide.

The resulting research questions that emerged include the following: If these are the dominant locations – does this suggest that globally our understanding of Cultural Governance is dominated by a ‘one-size’ fits all mentality? Thereby leading to the inevitable consequence – is this in the best interest of the arts and cultural institutions across the globe?

Shifts in How we Produce Cultural Activities and Create New Spaces: Comparison Between Spanish and US Case Studies
Dr. Elena SV Flys

A current topic of concern for the Arts Manager is that of Audience Engagement. Many studies support the idea that changes in performing arts consumption are taking place, and that audience members are searching for a new way of interacting with the arts. Perhaps in a country like Spain, the tax rise for cultural activities triggered the emergence of new and unconventional scenic spaces. However, the appearance of off-off-theater or site specific performances has also occurred in areas of United States. Possibly, what is changing is not only where audience members encounter art, but also the way people consume cultural activities.

Across the Pond: trends in international cultural relations and engagement by US and UK arts and cultural organizations
Aimee Fullman, Carla Figueira

The aim of this paper is to provide an insight into the current practices, challenges and opportunities for US and UK arts organizations engaged in international cultural relations that illuminates the changing human capital needs of the labour markets in this area. Our research is based on a survey of UK and US organizations engaged in international cultural exchanges and arts programming. Outcomes will allow us to discuss key competencies needed within organizations and gaps of knowledge that could be addressed by future arts and cultural management higher education programs.

Session Chair: Alan Salzenstein


Carla Figueira

Carla Figueira is the Director of the MA in Cultural Policy, Relations andDiplomacy at the Institute for Creative and Cultural Entrepreneurship, Goldsmiths, University of London. Additional information available at http://www.gold.ac.uk/icce/staff/figueiracarla/
avatar for Aimee Fullman

Aimee Fullman

Aimee Fullman is the Director/Principal Lecturer for the online MA International Cultural Relations located in the Creative Industries Management Cluster at the University of Westminster. She has worked in international cultural relations and cultural policy in the US, Canada, and... Read More →

Ian King

University of the Arts, London
avatar for Alan Salzenstein

Alan Salzenstein

Director/Professor, Performing Arts Management / Arts Leadership, DePaul University
avatar for Annick Schramme

Annick Schramme

University Professor, University of Antwerp
cultural governance

Friday June 2, 2017 1:15pm - 2:45pm PDT
QMU Buchanan Room Queen Margaret Dr, Musselburgh EH21 6UU, UK

4:15pm PDT

Local Impact and Opportunity: Public Relations, Placemaking, and More

Creative placemaking in the US: The case of Portland, OR

Eleonora Redailli

Creative placemaking is an idea that is gaining traction in the field of arts and culture. Despite a growing popularity, creative placemaking is still a fuzzy concept that offers an unstable signifier based on a fractured and loose web of rationales and justifications, from which vested parties are still working out terms and agreement. In this research, I consider creative placemaking as it has developed as a national policy in the United States. First, I analyze the multilevel governance of the creative placemaking policy developed by the NEA, pointing out how three different tools have been used by the government to promote this policy: research, grants, and partnerships. Then, I turn attention to the local level and investigate how each of these tools is connected to a specific art program in Portland, OR: Trimet’s Interstate MAX public art program, Time Based Art Festival by Portland Institute of Contemporary Art, and My Story by We Are Portland. I study each of these programs, addressing the following questions: What are the art theories supporting the overall project? What is the role of artists? What is the connection with place?  

Crossing Borders: Global PR of the State Hermitage Museum
Dr. Natalia Grincheva

The proposed research will significantly contribute to the scholarship on museum global PR with new findings that will help to identify and explore new global outreach practices that advance a museum position in the international arena. The research will employ ethnographic methods which allow exploring various activities, programs, and initiatives of the foundations located in different countries. Drawing on my personal experiences as a volunteer in the Hermitage Museums Foundations in the USA (2010) and in the UK (2011), the research will expose how the foundations function as
important facilitators of the museum development campaigns and traveling exhibitions outside of Russia. Furthermore, semi-structured interviews with the foundations’ directors and leaders from all six countries will provide important details on the structure and nature of relationships established between the State Hermitage Museum and targeted communities abroad. This focused case study will serve as an excellent research platform for identifying and exploring best practices in the museum
global PR emerging in the conditions of economic and cultural globalizations. The case study will have strong implications for the field of cultural management and will advance academic scholarship on museum PR which is currently under-researched and requires further attention from museum scholars.

Session Chair: Travis Newton

avatar for Travis Newton

Travis Newton

Assistant Professor & Program Director, Le Moyne College
Travis Newton is Assistant Professor at Le Moyne College, where he directs the Le Moyne College Chamber Orchestra and teaches courses in music and arts administration. He holds a Bachelor of Music in violin performance with secondary studies in voice and conducting from the University... Read More →
avatar for Eleonora Redaelli, University of Oregon

Eleonora Redaelli, University of Oregon

Associate Professor, University of Oregon
Eleonora Redaelli is an Associate Professor at the University of Oregon. After working for public and private institutions in the cultural sector in Italy, she received her PhD at The Ohio State University and taught in the Arts Management program at University of Wisconsin-Stevens... Read More →

Friday June 2, 2017 4:15pm - 5:45pm PDT
QMU Buchanan Room Queen Margaret Dr, Musselburgh EH21 6UU, UK